Hazardous materials are classified according to the type of hazard they pose: flammability, health hazards, instability, or special hazards. When it comes to shipping hazardous materials, there are a few things you need to know in order to ensure a safe and successful shipment. Read on to learn the must-knows of HAZMAT shipping.
What Is Hazardous Material Shipping?
HAZMAT shipping is the transport of hazardous materials via land, sea, or air. These materials are considered dangerous and must be handled with care to ensure the safety of those involved in the shipping process.
There are three types of hazardous materials:
- Class 1: Explosives
- Class 2: Gasses
- Class 3: Flammable and Combustible Liquids
Some of the most important things to know when shipping HAZMAT are the following:
The Type of HAZMAT Must Always Be Specified
It’s very important to know the type of HAZMAT being shipped, as this will dictate the necessary precautions that must be taken. For example, Class 1 HAZMATs are explosives and must be treated with the utmost care, as even a small mistake could result in a devastating accident.
The Quantity of HAZMAT Must Also Be Specified
The quantity of HAZMAT being shipped is the most important aspect to take into account when shipping HAZMAT. This will determine not only the packaging required but also the type of HAZMAT Shipping Paper that must be completed. For example, if you are shipping 500 kg or less, you will need to use the “Small Quantity Exception” packaging. If you are shipping more than 500 kg of HAZMAT, you must use “Large Quantities” packaging.
The HAZMAT Shipping Paper Must Always Be Ready
The HAZMAT Shipping Paper is the document that is used to communicate the details of the HAZMAT shipment. This paper must be completed before the HAZMAT can be shipped and must include the following information:
- The name and address of the shipper
- The name and address of the consignee
- A description of the HAZMAT
- The UN/NA number of the HAZMAT
- The proper shipping name of the HAZMAT
- The class or division of the HAZMAT
- The packing group of the HAZMAT, if applicable
- The total quantity of HAZMAT being shipped
- The type of packaging used for the HAZMAT
Additionally, the HAZMAT Shipping Paper must be kept with the HAZMAT at all times during transport and must be made available to the carrier upon request. This way, if there is an accident or incident, the proper authorities will have all of the information they need to deal with the situation.
How Can Jansson Help?
Jansson, as an agent of Landstar, offers HAZMAT shipping. Landstar is a HAZMAT-certified company, meaning that they have the proper training to ensure that your shipment is transported safely. At Jansson, we have a team of HAZMAT experts who can help you with your shipping needs. With us, you can rest assured that your shipment will be in good hands.